What is the Roman Missal and Why was it Revised?

February 15th, 2011  |  Published in New Roman Missal

The Missale Romanum (Roman Missal) is the ritual text for the celebration of our Mass. It was publicized by Pope Paul VI in 1970 as the text of the reformed liturgy of the Second Vatican Council. That Latin text, which is the typical edition, was translated into various languages for use around the world; the English edition was published in the United States in 1973. The Holy See (the Vatican) issued a revised text in 1975. Pope John Paul II issued the third edition during the Jubilee Year in 2000. Among other things, the third edition contains prayers for the celebration of recently canonized saints, additional prefaces for the Eucharistic Prayers, additional Masses and Prayers for Various Needs and Intentions, and some updated and revised rubrics (instructions) for the celebration of the Mass. To aid the process of translation of the Roman Missal, 3rd edition, the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments issued Liturgiam Authenticam, in 2001, an Instruction on the vernacular translation of the our liturgy which outlines the principles and rules for translation. In 2007, the Congregation for Divine Worship issued the Ratio Translations for the English Language, which outlined the specific rules for translation in English.