Liturgy of the Eucharist – Part 3

April 12th, 2011  |  Published in New Roman Missal

Dear Friends,

Following the Prayer over the Gifts in the Liturgy of the Eucharist we come to the Eucharistic Prayer itself. The Eucharistic Prayer, a central component to the Mass, begins with the Opening Dialogue followed by the Preface. The revisions to which are the following:

Priest: The Lord be with you.
People: And with your spirit.
Priest: Lift up your hearts.
People: We lift them up to the Lord.
Priest: Let us give thanks to the Lord our God.
People: It is right and just.

The two changes are highlighted in bold print, and the first, “And with your spirit,” we discussed in an earlier column. The second revision, “It is right and just,” is a simple rendering of the Latin, “Dignum et iustum est,” emphasizing the fact that it is fitting and fair to give thanks to God since He is both our creator and redeemer.

Following this dialogue is the Preface to the Eucharistic Prayer. The Preface is a more lengthy prayer that varies depending on the liturgical occasion. The majority of the Prefaces in the revised translation of the Roman Missal expand upon the words of the Opening Dialogue by beginning with “It is truly right and just, our duty and our salvation, always and everywhere to give you thanks.

Fr. John